Why are Americans so fat?
by Cathy Newman.
National Geographic. August 2004. Pages 46 – 61.
1 in 3 Americans is obese, twice as many 3 decades ago
15 percent of children are overweight or obese, a three fold jump from 1980
Being overweight is associated with 400,000 American deaths per year.
Being overweight increase the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes,
colon cancer, breast cancer, and endometrial cancer.
The Center For Disease Control reports that adult women are eating 335 more calories per day then they did in 1971. Adult men are eating an extra 168 calories a day.
1 pound of fat is about 3500 calories. An excess of 250 calories a day will
put on 26 pounds a year.
Being overweight or obese is a matter of taking in more calories then are used.
Most overweight and obese people are out of caloric balance,
but only by a tiny amount of calories per day. A 250 calorie deficit per day
will subtract 26 pounds a year.
A calorie is a calorie is a calorie.
The effects of bariatric surgery can be undone by people snacking lightly,
but continuously throughout the day.
The United States, Russia, Thailand, South Africa, Egypt, Turkey, Germany
and the UK have the highest obesity rates.
France ( yes France ), Italy, Switzerland, Scandinavia, Pakistan, India, China, Colombia, Brazil and a handful of African countries have the lowest
Proper serving size for fruit: the size of a baseball
Proper serving size for a burrito: the size of a bar of soap
Proper serving size for a steak: the size of a deck of cards
Proper serving size for pasta: the size of a computer mouse
Proper serving size for potatoes the size of a light bulb
Proper serving size for butter: the size of 1 die(dice sp?)
Proper serving size for cheese: the size of three dominoes
How Americans have come to take in more calories over the years:
1954 – Burger King hamburger: 2.8 oz 202 calories
2004 – Burger King hamburger: 4.3 oz 310 calories
1955- McDonaldâ€™s French Fries: 2.4 oz 210 calories
2004-McDonaldâ€™s French Fries : 7 0z 610 calories
1900-Hershey Bar: 2 oz 297 calories
2004-Hershey Bar: 7 oz 1000 calories
1916-coca cola: 6.7 fl oz 79 calories
2004-coca coal: 16 fl oz 194 calories
1950-movie popcorn: 3 cups 174 calories
2004-movie popcorn: 21 cups( buttered) 1,700 calories
How Americans have come to burn fewer calories over the years:
play a video game for 30 min 53 calories
play basketball 280 calories
ride a lawn mower for 30 min 88 calories
push a lawn mower for 30 min 193 calories
go to a car wash 35 calories
wash your car ( 30 min ) 104 calories
order take out food (1 min): 1 calorie
cook a meal ( 1/2 hour ) 70 calories
load a dishwasher for 10 min: 23 calories
wash dishes (30 min ) 80 calories
email a colleague( 1 min ): 2 calories
walk to a colleagueâ€™s desk ( 1 min ): 4 calories
ride an elevator for 2 min: 3 calories
take the stairs for 2 min: 19 calories
watch tv ( 30 min ) 35 calories
play cards ( 30 min ) 52 calories
( above based on a 150 pound human )